Chronology

Key personal & political events

Pre-1979: Pre-premiership Chronology

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Date Type Value Author/Source Title
45 May 8 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] VE Day
45 Jul 5 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Labour Government formed (146 majority)
45 Aug 6 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Hiroshima destroyed by A-bomb
45 Aug 16 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] VJ Day
49 Jan 31 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Margaret Roberts selected Conservative candidate for Dartford
50 Feb 23 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Labour Government formed (5 majority)
51 Oct 25 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Conservative Government formed (13 majority)
51 Dec 13 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] Marriage of Margaret Roberts and Denis Thatcher
53 Dec 1 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] MT took her bar finals
55 Apr 5 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Churchill resigned as Prime Minister; Eden succeeded
55 May 26 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Conservative Government formed (58 majority)
56 Feb 28 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] MT asked that her name be returned to Conservative candidates' list
56 Jul 26 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] Nasser announced nationalisation of Suez Canal
56 Oct 30 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Anglo-French ultimatum to Israel and Egypt; Soviet invasion of Hungary
56 Oct 31 We Info Only Key [Chronology] Anglo-French forces began action against Egypt; abandoned under US pressure 7 Nov
57 Jan 9 We Info Only Key [Chronology] Eden resigned as Prime Minister; Macmillan succeeded (10 Jan)
57 Mar 25 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Treaty of Rome
58 Jan 6 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Thorneycroft, Powell and Birch resigned as Treasury Ministers
58 Jul 31 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] MT adopted candidate for Finchley
59 Oct 8 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Conservative Government formed (100 majority)
60 Feb 3 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Macmillan speaking in South Africa: "a wind of change is blowing through the continent"
61 Oct 9 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] MT appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary (Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance)
62 Jul 13 Fr Info Only Key [Chronology] "Night of the Long Knives": 7 of 21 Cabinet Ministers sacked
63 Jan 14 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] De Gaulle vetoed British entry to EEC
63 Feb 14 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Harold Wilson elected Labour leader following death of Gaitskell (18 Jan)
63 Jun 4 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Profumo resigned
63 Oct 10 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] Macmillan’s decision to resign as PM announced; Home succeeded; Macleod and Powell refused to serve (13 Oct)
63 Nov 22 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Kennedy assassinated
64 Oct 15 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Labour Government formed (4 majority); MT became a shadow spokesman on pensions
65 Jan 24 Su Info Only Major [Chronology] Churchill died
65 Jul 25 Su Info Only Key [Chronology] Home resigned as Conservative leader; Heath elected successor (28 Jul)
65 Oct 18 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] MT moved to shadow Housing and Land
65 Nov 11 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] Rhodesia declared UDI
66 Mar 31 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Labour Government formed (98 majority)
66 Apr 19 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] MT moved to shadow Treasury as deputy to Iain Macleod
66 May 3 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Budget (introduced Selective Employment Tax)
66 Jul 20 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Labour spending cuts and wages freeze
66 Nov 10 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Labour Government announced EC entry application; Conservative support
67 Apr 11 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Budget
67 Jun 5 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Middle East: Six Day War (ended 10 Jun)
67 Jul 27 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Britain to withdraw forces East of Suez
67 Oct 10 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] MT appointed to Shadow Cabinet, responsible for Fuel and Power
67 Nov 27 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] De Gaulle vetoed British application to EC
67 Nov 29 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Reshuffle: Callaghan became Home Secretary, Jenkins Chancellor
68 Jan 16 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Expenditure cuts (716m)
68 Feb 22 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Callaghan announced immediate legislation checking Kenyan Asian immigration
68 Mar 15 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Sterling under pressure: London Foreign Exchange Market closed; Brown resigned
68 Mar 17 Su Info Only Major [Chronology] Grosvenor Square riot against Vietnam War
68 Mar 19 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Budget: 923m increase in indirect taxation
68 Apr 4 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Assassination of Martin Luther King
68 Apr 20 Sa Info Only Key [Chronology] Enoch Powell's "River Tiber" speech; Powell fired from Shadow Cabinet (21 Apr)
68 May 3 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] France: student clashes with police began `events' of May 1968
68 Aug 20 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
68 Oct 5 Sa Info Only Major [Chronology] Northern Ireland: violence at Londonderry civil rights demonstration
68 Nov 14 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] MT reshuffled to shadow Transport
69 Jan 17 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] In Place of Strife published
69 Jun 18 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Wilson withdrew In Place of Strife after TUC rejected it
69 Aug 14 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] Northern Ireland: troops deployed in Belfast
69 Oct 21 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] MT appointed shadow education spokesman
70 Jan 30 Fr Info Only Key [Chronology] Selsdon Park Shadow Cabinet (manifesto meeting); ended 1 Feb
70 Feb 10 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] MT's father died
70 Jun 18 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] General Election: Conservative Government formed (majority 31)
70 Jun 19 Fr Info Only Key [Chronology] MT given her first Cabinet post (Secretary of State for Education and Science)
70 Jun 30 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Circular 10/70, withdrawing compulsion to go comprehensive
70 Jul 20 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Death of Iain Macleod; Barber became Chancellor
70 Oct 27 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Budget
70 Oct 29 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] EC entry talks began
71 Feb 4 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Rolls-Royce nationalisation announced
71 May 20 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Heath-Pompidou summit in Paris removed final obstacles to EC entry
71 Aug 9 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Northern Ireland: internment introduced
72 Jan 9 Su Info Only Key [Chronology] Miners' strike began
72 Jan 12 We Info Only Major [Chronology] MT and senior officials met Heath at Chequers; reinforced her authority
72 Jan 20 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] Unemployment passed 1m
72 Jan 30 Su Info Only Key [Chronology] "Bloody Sunday": British troops killed 13 in Londonderry
72 Feb 10 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] Saltley Coke depot closed by pickets
72 Feb 19 Sa Info Only Key [Chronology] Heath conceded miners' demands
72 Mar 21 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Budget: full scale reflation
72 Mar 22 We Info Only Key [Chronology] Industry White Paper, basis of 1972 Industry Act
72 Mar 24 Fr Info Only Key [Chronology] Northern Ireland: Stormont suspended; direct rule began
72 Jun 23 Fr Info Only Key [Chronology] Sterling floated: left European `snake' and unpegged from dollar
72 Jul 21 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Five dockers jailed in Pentonville (decision reversed 26 Jly)
72 Aug 8 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Ugandan Asians expelled by Idi Amin
72 Sep 26 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Tripartite talks began (broke down 2 Nov)
72 Nov 6 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Statutory control of pay, prices, dividends and rents (Phase I)
72 Dec 6 We Info Only Key [Chronology] MT's White Paper published: Education: A Framework for Expansion
72 Dec 7 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Sutton and Cheam by-election: Liberal gain from Conservatives
73 Jan 1 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Britain acceded to the European Community
73 Jan 17 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Phase II of pay policy announced
73 Feb 28 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Labour-TUC document launched the Social Contract
73 Mar 6 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Budget: introduced VAT, at 10 per cent
73 Apr 1 Su Info Only Major [Chronology] Phase II of pay policy began
73 May 21 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Sex scandals hit government (Lambton resigned; Jellicoe followed (24 May))
73 Jul 26 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Ripon and Ely by-elections: Liberal gains from Conservatives
73 Oct 6 Sa Full Text Key [Chronology] Arab-Israeli War (ended 24 Oct); oil price increased 70 per cent
73 Oct 8 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] Phase III announced: 2.25 or 7 per cent; inflation linked `threshold' payments
73 Nov 12 Mo Info Only Key [Chronology] NUM overtime ban began; State of Emergency following day
73 Dec 2 Su Info Only Major [Chronology] Reshuffle: Whitelaw became Employment Secretary
73 Dec 9 Su Info Only Key [Chronology] Sunningdale Agreement
73 Dec 13 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] Three day week announced
73 Dec 17 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Emergency budget: 1200m reduction in planned expenditure
74 Jan 9 We Info Only Major [Chronology] TUC offered to treat miners' pay claim as special case; rejected by government
74 Feb 5 Tu Full Text Major [Chronology] NUM strike ballot: 81 per cent in favour
74 Feb 7 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] General Election called for 28 Feb
74 Feb 10 Su Info Only Key [Chronology] Miners' strike began (ended 11 Mar)
74 Feb 21 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Pay Board leak: miners claim consistent with Phase III
74 Feb 23 Sa Full Text Major [Chronology] Powell said he would vote Labour
74 Feb 28 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] General Election: no overall majority for any party
74 Mar 2 Sa Info Only Key [Chronology] Heath offered Liberals seats in coalition; rejected by them
74 Mar 11 Mo Full Text Major [Chronology] Shadow Cabinet formed; MT shadowing Environment
74 May 15 We Info Only Key [Chronology] Northern Ireland: Loyalist strike began; executive resigned (28 May)
74 Jun 22 Sa Full Text Key [Chronology] Keith Joseph’s Upminster speech
74 Jun 26 We Full Text Major [Chronology] Heath speech on national unity theme
74 Aug 9 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Nixon resigned over Watergate
74 Sep 5 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] Keith Joseph’s Preston speech
74 Sep 18 We Full Text Major [Chronology] General Election called for 10 October
74 Oct 2 We Full Text Major [Chronology] Heath urged a Government "of all the talents"
74 Oct 5 Sa Info Only Major [Chronology] Guildford pub bombs: five killed
74 Oct 10 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] General Election: Labour majority of three
74 Oct 15 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] 1922 Committee met in Milk Street
74 Oct 19 Sa Full Text Key [Chronology] Keith Joseph’s Edgbaston speech
74 Nov 7 Th Full Text Major [Chronology] Reshuffle of Shadows: MT to assist Carr on Treasury questions
74 Nov 14 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Heath announced Home Committee to review leadership election procedure
74 Nov 21 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] Keith Joseph told MT he would not stand for the leadership; MT decided she would
74 Dec 17 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Home Committee (leadership election procedure) reported
75 Jan 15 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Du Cann announced he would not run for Conservative leadership
75 Jan 23 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] European referendum announced; ministers free to differ
75 Feb 4 Tu Full Text Key [Chronology] Conservative leadership first ballot: Heath resigned
75 Feb 11 Tu Full Text Key [Chronology] Conservative leadership second ballot: MT elected leader
75 Feb 18 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Shadow Cabinet complete
75 Mar 10 Mo Full Text Major [Chronology] Dublin European Council (ended 11 Mar): British `renegotiation’ concluded
75 Mar 18 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Government to recommend Britain remain in EC
75 Apr 9 We Info Only Key [Chronology] MT met Ronald Reagan for the first time (or possibly the second)
75 Apr 15 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Budget
75 Apr 17 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Cambodia: Phnom Penn fell to Khmer Rouge
75 Apr 30 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Vietnam: fall of Saigon
75 Jun 5 Th Info Only Key [Chronology] European Referendum: 67.2 per cent for; 32.8 per cent against (64 per cent turnout)
75 Jun 10 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Reshuffle: Benn and Varley swapped jobs (Industry and Energy)
75 Jun 26 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Woolwich West by-election: Conservative gain
75 Jul 1 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Labour Government proposed pay policy; White Paper (11 Jly)
75 Jul 14 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Unemployment passed 1m
75 Aug 31 Su Info Only Minor [Chronology] MT visited Rumania (returned 3 Spt)
75 Sep 13 Sa Info Only Key [Chronology] MT visited USA and Canada (returned 26 Spt)
75 Nov 27 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] Ross McWhirter murdered by IRA - MT given 24 hour police protection
76 Jan 29 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Norman Scott allegations against Jeremy Thorpe
76 Feb 19 Th Info Only Minor [Chronology] Fishing war: Iceland broke off diplomatic relations with UK
76 Mar 2 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Sterling crisis began as sterling fell below $2
76 Mar 16 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Wilson announced his resignation as Prime Minister
76 Apr 5 Mo Full Text Key [Chronology] Callaghan elected Labour leader; became Prime Minister
76 Apr 7 We Info Only Key [Chronology] Government lost its majority (Stonehouse resigned whip)
76 May 5 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Stage II of pay policy agreed with TUC
76 May 6 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Local elections: large Conservative gains (1800+)
76 May 10 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Thorpe resigned as Liberal leader over Scott affair
76 May 26 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Wilson's resignation honours list published; scandal
76 May 27 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Heseltine mace incident (government whip broke pair)
76 May 28 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Opposition withdrew cooperation over Commons business
76 Jun 7 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] UK given $5,300m standby credit by Bank of International Settlements
76 Jun 22 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Government conceded in pairing dispute; cooperation resumed
76 Jul 7 We Info Only Major [Chronology] David Steel elected Liberal leader
76 Jul 22 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Public expenditure cuts of 1,000m
76 Aug 2 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Government lost Tameside case in House of Lords
76 Aug 30 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Riot at Notting Hill carnival
76 Sep 28 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] Sterling crisis resumed: Healey turned back from Heathrow
76 Oct 4 Mo Full Text Key [Chronology] The Right Approach published
76 Nov 1 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] IMF team arrived in Britain
76 Nov 2 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] US: Carter won presidential election
76 Nov 4 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Walsall North and Workington by-elections: Labour lost to Conservatives
76 Nov 19 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Shadow reshuffle: Maudling dropped (replaced by John Davies)
76 Dec 1 We Info Only Key [Chronology] Shadow Cabinet decided to oppose devolution on 2R; Buchanan-Smith and Rifkind resigned
76 Dec 15 We Info Only Key [Chronology] Budget: Letter of Intent to IMF published (loan granted 3 Jan 77)
76 Dec 16 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: 2R Scotland and Wales Bill passed 292:247
77 Feb 6 Su Info Only Major [Chronology] Silver Jubilee of the Queen's accession
77 Feb 19 Sa Info Only Major [Chronology] Death of Tony Crosland; Owen became Foreign Secretary (21 Feb)
77 Feb 22 Tu Info Only Key [Chronology] HC: devolution guillotine defeated 312:283
77 Mar 17 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Government defeat on public expenditure; MT moved confidence motion
77 Mar 23 We Full Text Key [Chronology] Lib-Lab Pact
77 Apr 27 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Ashfield by-election: Conservative gain mining seat from Labour
77 May 5 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Local elections: large Conservative gains, including GLC
77 Jun 13 Mo Full Text Major [Chronology] Grunwick dispute: mass picketing began
77 Jun 16 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Rooker-Wise-Lawson amendments (indexing tax allowances)
77 Jul 15 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Government set out next stage of pay policy
77 Jul 25 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Maudling cleared in Poulson case but John Cordle resigned as MP
77 Jul 28 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Lib-Lab Pact renewed for coming session
77 Aug 26 Fr Full Text Major [Chronology] Scarman Report on Grunwick dispute
77 Sep 6 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] MT visited USA (returned 15 Spt)
77 Oct 8 Sa Full Text Major [Chronology] Reg Prentice joined Conservative Party
77 Oct 8 Sa Full Text Major [Chronology] The Right Approach to the Economy published
77 Nov 14 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Firemen's strike began (ended in defeat 16 Jan 78)
77 Nov 19 Sa Info Only Major [Chronology] Egypt/Israeli accord: Sadat visited Jerusalem
77 Nov 29 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Amnesty for illegal immigrants before 1 Jan 1976
77 Dec 13 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: European elections; Government proposal of PR rejected
78 Jan 25 We Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Cunningham amendment (40 per cent threshold for devolution)
78 Mar 3 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Rhodesia: "internal settlement" (Muzorewa joined Smith Government)
78 Mar 16 Th Full Text Major [Chronology] Italy: kidnap of Aldo Moro (found dead 9 May)
78 May 8 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Opposition amendment carried reducing basic rate by 1p
78 May 10 We Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: second Finance Bill defeat for Government
78 May 25 Th Full Text Major [Chronology] Steel announced end of Lib-Lab Pact after Parliamentary session
78 Jul 7 Fr Full Text Major [Chronology] Bremen European Council: decision to establish EMS
78 Jul 21 Fr Full Text Key [Chronology] Stage 3 White Paper: 5 per cent pay guideline
78 Aug 4 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Thorpe and three others charged with conspiracy to murder
78 Sep 5 Tu Full Text Major [Chronology] Callaghan teased TUC about election dates ("waiting at the church")
78 Sep 7 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] Callaghan surprise broadcast: no autumn General Election
78 Sep 21 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Ford strike: settled 2 Nov over 5 per cent limit
78 Oct 2 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] Labour Conference (ended 6 Oct): rejected pay policy
78 Oct 10 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Conservative Conference (till 14 Oct): disputes over pay policy
78 Nov 8 We Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: 114 Conservatives defied the whip (Rhodesian sanctions)
78 Nov 15 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Reshuffle: Pym replaced John Davies as shadow Foreign Secretary
78 Nov 27 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] MT met Ronald Reagan for the second time (or possibly the third)
78 Nov 28 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Government announced sanctions against Ford for breaching pay policy
78 Dec 12 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Public sector unions rejected Stage 3
78 Dec 13 We Info Only Major [Chronology] HC: Government defeated on Ford sanctions
79 Jan 3 We Full Text Key [Chronology] Lorry drivers’ strike began; "Winter of Discontent" peaking
79 Jan 10 We Full Text Key [Chronology] Callaghan's return from Guadelope Summit: "Crisis, What Crisis?" ( Sun )
79 Jan 16 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] Iran: Shah fled the country; Khomeini returned from exile, 2 Feb
79 Jan 22 Mo Info Only Major [Chronology] 1m local authority workers' "Day of Action"
79 Feb 23 Fr Info Only Major [Chronology] Government-TUC "Concordat"
79 Mar 1 Th Info Only Major [Chronology] Devolution referendums: devolution defeated
79 Mar 13 Tu Info Only Major [Chronology] EMS came into operation
79 Mar 28 We Full Text Key [Chronology] HC: Government fell
79 Mar 29 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] General Election announced for 3 May
79 Mar 30 Fr Info Only Key [Chronology] Airey Neave murdered by INLA
79 Apr 11 We Info Only Major [Chronology] Southall riot
79 May 3 Th Full Text Key [Chronology] General Election: Conservative victory (43 majority)
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